FK 6163  : (Basic Medical Statistics)

This course is an introduction to medical statistics. It covers methods of data collection, grouping and presentation, student’s t value, chi square, correlation, linear regression and ANOVA. This course introduces microcomputing in the analysis of health research data. This course comprises 2 hours of lectures and a 2-hour practical session each week.




Beth, D., Robert G. T. &Robert, T. 2004. Basic & Clinical Biostatistics . Lange Medical Books / Mc Graw – Hill.Medical Publishing Division.

Colton, T. 2000. Statistics in Medicine. Little Brown and Co. Boston. 4th Ed.


David, G. 2005. Introduction to the Practice of Statistics. 4th Edition Prentice-Hall International Inc.


Dawson,B. & Trapp, R.G. 2001. Basic and Clinical Biostatistics. 3rd Edition Prentice-Hall International Inc.


Geoffrey, R. &David, L. S.2000. Biostatistics: The Bare Essentials,Second Edition.



FK 6183            :           (Basic Epidemiology)


This course covers all the basic concept of epidemiology in public health including the principles and methods in epidemiology. It covers the distribution and determinants of diseases and application of epidemiological method in preventing and controlling diseases. This course will also emphasize a few aspects of study design and interpretation from cross-sectional, case control, cohort and experimental study.




Armenian, Haroutune,K. 1998. Epidemiology and Health Sevices. New York : Oxford University Press.


Last,J.M. 2001. A Dictionary Of Epidemiology. Oxford: Oxford University Press


Leon,G. 2004. Epidemiology. 3rd Ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier Sanders.


Kenneth,J., Rothman. 1998. Modern Epidemiology. Philladelphia: Lippincott-Raven Publishers


Kenneth,J., Rothman. 2002. Epidemiology : An Introduction. Oxford : Oxford University Press.


Richard,F., Lawrenson,R. 2004. Lecture Notes : Epidemiology and Public Health Medicine. 5th Ed. Malden: Blackwell Pub.


Robert,F.H.& Sellers, T.A. 2004. Epidemiology For Public Health Practice. 3rd Ed. Sadbury: Jones & Bartlett



FK 6313  : (PRINCIPLES OF HealtH Management)


This course is aimed at preparing canidates with basic knowledgeof management in the practice of public health and to provide guidance and competency in making important decisions in solving public health problems. This course covers biological, social, psychological and environmental aspects which influence health, health status, analysis of health needs and demands and also healthcare systems. This course also discusses concepts, methods and techniques of modern management in healthcare including problem identification, decision making, planning, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of programs and health services including health research methodology. Aspects of organization, management and staff functions, communication and organizational development are also discussed. This course covers 2 hours of lectures and 1 hour of discussion each week.




Blum, H.L. 2000. Planning for Health Services for the Eighties. Human Science Press. New York, 4nd. Ed.


Heiriegal, D. & Slocum, J.W. 1999. Management. Addison-Wesley Publishing Co. Messachusetts. 6. Ed.


Levey S. & Loorba, N.P. 1999. Health Care Administration & Management Perspective. J.B. Lippincott Co. Philadelphia.


Robbin, S.P.2002.   Management Concepts and Practice. Prentice-Hall Inc. New Jersey


Shonell, S.M. & Kaluzzy, A.D. 2000. Health Care Management: A Text in Organizational Theory and Behavior. John Wiley and Sons, New Jersey, 4nd. Ed.



FK 7213:       (Principles of EnvironmENtal and Occupational health)


This module is a three (3) unit course. Its main aim is to provide basic knowledge and skills in environmental health and occupational health to the candidates. For the environmental health, candidates will be introduced to factors and criteria involved in determining and assessing impact of human exposure to environmental contaminants. This includes ecology, water pollutants, air, soil, food and other natural and man-made sources. For the occupational health component, candidate will learn about occupational hazards and the management of health risk in the workplace. Candidate will also be exposed to the occupational health legislation and services. The course will be covered by twice weekly 2 hour lecture sessions.




Koh, D., Chia, K.S & Jeyaratnam, J. 2002. Textbook of Occupational Medicine Practice. Singapore: World Scientific


La Dou, J. 2004. Current Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 3rd Edition. New York: Lange Medical Books.


Lippmann, M., Cohen, B.S. & Schlesinger, R.B. 2003. Environmental Health Science : Recognition, Evaluation and Control of Chemical and Physical Health Hazards. Oxford University Press, New York,


Nebel, B.J. & Wright, R.T. 1998. Environmental Science. Prentice Hall, Inc., New Jersey .


Noor Hassim Ismail. 2002. Program Perlindungan Pendengaran Pekerja. Kuala Lumpur. Persatuan Keselamatan dan Kesihatan Pekerjaan Malaysia.



FK 6513  : (Principles of familY Health)


This is a three (3) unit module. The main aim of this module is to broaden students’ knowledge and experience in family health, especially with regards to the health of individuals, family as the core unit and society as a whole. This course will focus on the ‘family life-cycle’ approach which has been well adapted worldwide. This lifecycle approach connects children, mother, father, grandparents in a system that as a whole shape the health of individual family members. And the family or household in turn interacts with the various actors or factors in the community. In order to provide a more comprehensive view of the concept of basic family health, this course will be divided into three main sub-modules:


  • Family and health

  • Family and nutrition

  • Family and health promotion


    The first sub-module which is the family and health sub-module basically concentrates on basic principles of health related to individual member of the family life-cycle. In addition to this, it also includes the discussion on issues relating to reproductive hazards and workplace, legal issues, genetic and intra-uterine determinants as well as family and population planning. The second sub-module focuses on issues related to nutrition of family and community as well as its related programmes. The final sub-module introduces the concept of health promotion and education in relation to family health seeking behaviours. This course will be delivered in the form of weekly lectures and tutorials. Tutorial videos may be viewed at:







Note: All students need to visit the website for WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and other health organizations to get more information globally.




  1. Helen M.Wallace and G.I.Ebrahim (eds) (2001) Maternal and child health around the world. London. Macmillan.

  2. Indra Pathmannathan et al. (2003) Investing in maternal health: learning from Malaysia and Sri Lanka. Washington D.C: The world bank.

  3. Margaret,B.Arbuckle and Charlotte,A.Herrick (2006) Child and Adolescent Mental Health: interdisciplinary system of care. Sudbury Mass:Jones and Bartlett publisher.

  4. Bonnie Brandl et al. (2007) Elderly Abuse detection and intervention: a collaborative approach. New York: Springer.

  5. Long term care for older people (2005) Paris:OECD

  6. Doling,J., Jones, F.C.Maltby,T. (2005) Ageing matters: European Policy Lessons from the East. Aldershot, Hants, England, Burlington, VT:Ashgate.

  7. Quinn,W.H. (2004) Family solutions for youth at risk: applications to juvenile delinquency, truancy and behaviour problems. New York: Brunner Routledge.

  8. Sloan,E. (2002) Biology of women. Albany, New york: Delmar Thompson Learning.

  9. Condon,M.C. (2004) Women’sHealth: body, mind,spirit:an integrated approach to wellness and illness. Upper sadle river N.J.: Prentice Hall.

  10. Lips,H.M (2006) Anew psychology of women: gender, culture and ethnicity,Boston:Mc Graw Hill.




    The course mainly focuses on the method of conducting medical research. Throughout the course the students will be guided by the lecturers to prepare research proposal, which will be presented at the end of the course. The main topics in research methodology including hypothesis generation, searching for   information, research design, proposal writing and plan of analysis will be discussed. At the end of the module, students will submit a complete proposal for their study.




    Polgar Colton, T. 2000. Statistics in Medicine. Little Brown and Co. Boston. 4th Ed.


    Dawson,B. & Trapp, R.G. 2001. Basic and Clinical Biostatistics. 3rd Edition Prentice-Hall International Inc.


    Geoffrey, R. &David, L. S.2000. Biostatistics: The Bare Essentials,Second Edition


    Geoffrey, R. M., David, D.&David, F. 2005. Essentials of Research Design and Methodology.Essentials of Behavioral Science. Prentice Hall Inc.


    John, W. C.2002. Research Design Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches (2nd Edition) , Sage Publications







































    FK 6553            :           PHYSICAL AND SOCIAL GROWTH OF CHILDREN


    This course explains the dynamics human growth, from the womb till adulthood. Interaction of biological, social and environmental factors with human’s physical, social and mental growth will also be discussed. Reference materials and standards used to evaluate and compare; comparison on physical and mental development at national and international levels will also be discussed. This 3-unit course covers a 2-hour lecture and an hour discussion weekly.




    King SN, Ellis DA, Frey MA (Ed). Assessing Children's well-being : A Handbook of Measures / Mahwah, N.J. : Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2004


    Kagan J, Gall S (Eds). The Gale Encyclopedia of Childhood and Adolescence; Detroit : Gale Research, 1998


    Newman PR, Newman BM.Childhood and Adolescence.Pacific Grove, Ca. Brooks/Cole Publishing Co. 1997



    FK 6532            :           ADOLESCENT HEALTH


    This course discusses biological, psychological and social aspects in normal adolescents’ development. Candidates need to make a skeletal structure to study adolescent health problems, especially those related to pregnancy and drug addiction; to discuss biological and social repercussions which link to adolescent health problems. Services rendered to them through schools’ health service will also be discussed in this course. Candidates will visit schools to witness the school’s health activities be carried out. This course covers a 2-hour lecture including discussion weekly.




    McAnarney ER, KreipeRE, Orr DP, Comerci GD: Textbook of Adolescent Medicine. WB Saunders Co, Philadelphia 1992


    Aten MJ and McAnarney ER. A behavioral Approach to the care of Adolescents; St. Louis, Mo. C. V. Mosby 1981


    Kalafatich AJ. Approach to the Care of the Adolescent. Appleton-Century-Croft. New York, 1975.


    Shen JTY. The Clinical Practise of Adolescent Medicine. Prentice Hall Inc. New York, 1980



    FK 6543            :           POPULATION DYNAMICS


    This 3-unit course discusses description and size of population growth, influential factors and effects of human growth to development and health within the community. Family planning programme and government policies in population growth dynamics will also be discussed. This course covers a 2-hour lecture and a session of 2-hour practical weekly.




    Siegel JS & Swanson DA. The Methods and Materials of Demography. 2nd Edition. Elsevier Academic Press, San Diego 2004.


    Siegel JS.Applied demography : Applications to Business, Government, Law and Public Policy. San Diego: Academic Press, 2002


    Bulatao RA, Casterline JB (Eds) Global Fertility Transition. Population and Development Review Suppl 27, Population Council, New York 2001


    Yaukey D, Anderton DL. Demography: The Study of Human Population.Waveland Press Inc. Prospect Height Illinois 2001


    Hinde A. Demographic Methods. Oxford University Press, New York 1998



    FK 6552            :           WOMEN AND HEALTH


    This course discusses women’s role as mothers, wives and employees and its links with women’s health and community. It discusses conflicts and issues faced by women while exercising their roles in the society. The history of gender development research, reproduction health and women’s status in the society locally and internationally will also be discussed. This course covers a session of 2-hour lecture/seminar/discussion weekly.




    1. Goldman M: Women and Health, Academic Press 2000.


    2. Society for the Advancement of Women, Haseltine FP, Jacobson B: Women’s Health Research:A         Medical and Policy Primer, American Psychiatric Press, Incorporated 1997.


    3. Seltzer VL, Pearse WH: Women's Primary Health care: Office Practice and Procedures                           (2nd Edition), McGraw-Hill Washington 2000.



    FK 6563            :           HEALTH OF THE ELDERLY


    This course discusses health and non-health problems of the elderly and its influencing factors. It will discuss comprehensively the geriatric health problems (physical, mental and social) and the appropriate health planning programme to reduce or prevent problems within this group. This course will be conducted in the form of lessons and seminars. A working paper which covers comprehensive community health programme to counter health problems of the elderly, need to be prepared by a group of 2-4 students.




    1. Hazzard W.H., Blass J.P., Halter J.B., Ouslander J.G., Tinetti M. Principles of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology. Fifth edition. McGraw-Hill Professional 2003


    2. Timiras P.S. (Editor) . Physiological Basis of Aging and Geriatrics, Third Edition..CRC Press 2002


    3. Reed J. Health, well-being and Older Ppeople. Bristol Policy Press, London 2004


    4. Bond J., Coleman P. and Peace S. Ageing in Society : An Introduction to Social Gerontology, SAGE Publications, London 1993



    FK 6573: (Family and community nutrition)


    This 3 unit course consists of weekly lectures on family nutrition, current nutrition status in Malaysia and its association with family health. The association between family nutritional status and other facotrs such as political environment, health services, food sufficiency and others is also discussed. This course also covers eating habits of family members (fetus, baby, todler, schoolchildren, adolescents and adults including pregnant mothers). The role of food in disease therapy and nutrition programs in the community are also discussed.




    Joshi, S.A. 2002. Nutrition and Dietatics. Second Edition. New Delhi: Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited


    Thompson, J. & Manore, M. 2005. Nutrition: An Applied Approach. Sans Francisco CA: Pearson Education Inc., Benjamin Cummings.


    Wardlaw, G.M., Hampl, J.S. & DiSilvestro, RA. 2004.. Perspectives in Nutrition. Sixth Edition. New York York: MacGraw Hill Higher Education


    Weston, A.P. 2004. Nutrition and Physical Degeneration. Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited.


    Whitney, E.N., Cataldo, C.B.&Rolfes, S.R. 2002. Understanding Normal and Clinical Nutrition. Sixth Edition. Belmont, CA, USA: Wadsworth/ Thomson




    This course requires candidate to do library checking individually on latest or controversial local or international topics relevance to family health. Towards end of the course candidates are required to present a working paper and a testimony during a seminar session.





    American journal of Clinical Nutrition

    American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

    American Journal of Public Health

    British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

    Journal of Paediatrics

    Malaysian Journal of Reproductive Health

    Obstetrics and Gynaecology Survey

    Social Science and Medicine






    FK 6691/2         :           DIRECTED LEARNING IN FAMILY HEALTH


    This is an elective course offered in Semester 2 or 3. It contributes to1 or 2 credits depending on the workloads set by the students and lecturers. This course aims to provide opportunities for students to develop specific knowledge and skills in certain aspects of Community Health which posed tensions on family health. This topic is not fully covered in the existing compulsory and elective courses. In this course, candidates will need to prepare a study proposal which had been discussed and agreed by their supervising lecturers. Learning activities may cover library checking, data analysis, article write-ups and practicum or short research. Topics are not fixed and may cover various disciplines. Evaluation will be done based on work quality agreed by the students and lecturers.






    7.         FK 7296            RESEARCH DISSERTATION (in SEMESTER 3)









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