FK 6163  : (Basic Medical Statistics)

This course is an introduction to medical statistics. It covers methods of data collection, grouping and presentation, student’s t value, chi square, correlation, linear regression and ANOVA. This course introduces microcomputing in the analysis of health research data. This course comprises 2 hours of lectures and a 2-hour practical session each week.




Beth, D., Robert G. T. &Robert, T. 2004. Basic & Clinical Biostatistics . Lange Medical Books / Mc Graw – Hill.Medical Publishing Division.

Colton, T. 2000. Statistics in Medicine. Little Brown and Co. Boston. 4th Ed.


David, G. 2005. Introduction to the Practice of Statistics. 4th Edition Prentice-Hall International Inc.


Dawson,B. & Trapp, R.G. 2001. Basic and Clinical Biostatistics. 3rd Edition Prentice-Hall International Inc.


Geoffrey, R. &David, L. S.2000. Biostatistics: The Bare Essentials,Second Edition.



FK 6183            :           (Basic Epidemiology)


This course covers all the basic concept of epidemiology in public health including the principles and methods in epidemiology. It covers the distribution and determinants of diseases and application of epidemiological method in preventing and controlling diseases. This course will also emphasize a few aspects of study design and interpretation from cross-sectional, case control, cohort and experimental study.




Armenian, Haroutune,K. 1998. Epidemiology and Health Sevices. New York : Oxford University Press.


Last,J.M. 2001. A Dictionary Of Epidemiology. Oxford: Oxford University Press


Leon,G. 2004. Epidemiology. 3rd Ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier Sanders.


Kenneth,J., Rothman. 1998. Modern Epidemiology. Philladelphia: Lippincott-Raven Publishers


Kenneth,J., Rothman. 2002. Epidemiology : An Introduction. Oxford : Oxford University Press.


Richard,F., Lawrenson,R. 2004. Lecture Notes : Epidemiology and Public Health Medicine. 5th Ed. Malden: Blackwell Pub.


Robert,F.H.& Sellers, T.A. 2004. Epidemiology For Public Health Practice. 3rd Ed. Sadbury: Jones & Bartlett



FK 6313  : (PRINCIPLES OF HealtH Management)


This course is aimed at preparing canidates with basic knowledgeof management in the practice of public health and to provide guidance and competency in making important decisions in solving public health problems. This course covers biological, social, psychological and environmental aspects which influence health, health status, analysis of health needs and demands and also healthcare systems. This course also discusses concepts, methods and techniques of modern management in healthcare including problem identification, decision making, planning, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of programs and health services including health research methodology. Aspects of organization, management and staff functions, communication and organizational development are also discussed. This course covers 2 hours of lectures and 1 hour of discussion each week.




Blum, H.L. 2000. Planning for Health Services for the Eighties. Human Science Press. New York, 4nd. Ed.


Heiriegal, D. & Slocum, J.W. 1999. Management. Addison-Wesley Publishing Co. Messachusetts. 6. Ed.


Levey S. & Loorba, N.P. 1999. Health Care Administration & Management Perspective. J.B. Lippincott Co. Philadelphia.


Robbin, S.P.2002.   Management Concepts and Practice. Prentice-Hall Inc. New Jersey


Shonell, S.M. & Kaluzzy, A.D. 2000. Health Care Management: A Text in Organizational Theory and Behavior. John Wiley and Sons, New Jersey, 4nd. Ed.



FK 7213:       (Principles of EnvironmENtal and Occupational health)


This module is a three (3) unit course. Its main aim is to provide basic knowledge and skills in environmental health and occupational health to the candidates. For the environmental health, candidates will be introduced to factors and criteria involved in determining and assessing impact of human exposure to environmental contaminants. This includes ecology, water pollutants, air, soil, food and other natural and man-made sources. For the occupational health component, candidate will learn about occupational hazards and the management of health risk in the workplace. Candidate will also be exposed to the occupational health legislation and services. The course will be covered by twice weekly 2 hour lecture sessions.




Koh, D., Chia, K.S & Jeyaratnam, J. 2002. Textbook of Occupational Medicine Practice. Singapore: World Scientific


La Dou, J. 2004. Current Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 3rd Edition. New York: Lange Medical Books.


Lippmann, M., Cohen, B.S. & Schlesinger, R.B. 2003. Environmental Health Science : Recognition, Evaluation and Control of Chemical and Physical Health Hazards. Oxford University Press, New York,


Nebel, B.J. & Wright, R.T. 1998. Environmental Science. Prentice Hall, Inc., New Jersey .


Noor Hassim Ismail. 2002. Program Perlindungan Pendengaran Pekerja. Kuala Lumpur. Persatuan Keselamatan dan Kesihatan Pekerjaan Malaysia.



FK 6513  : (Principles of familY Health)


This is a three (3) unit module. The main aim of this module is to broaden students’ knowledge and experience in family health, especially with regards to the health of individuals, family as the core unit and society as a whole. This course will focus on the ‘family life-cycle’ approach which has been well adapted worldwide. This lifecycle approach connects children, mother, father, grandparents in a system that as a whole shape the health of individual family members. And the family or household in turn interacts with the various actors or factors in the community. In order to provide a more comprehensive view of the concept of basic family health, this course will be divided into three main sub-modules:


  • Family and health

  • Family and nutrition

  • Family and health promotion


    The first sub-module which is the family and health sub-module basically concentrates on basic principles of health related to individual member of the family life-cycle. In addition to this, it also includes the discussion on issues relating to reproductive hazards and workplace, legal issues, genetic and intra-uterine determinants as well as family and population planning. The second sub-module focuses on issues related to nutrition of family and community as well as its related programmes. The final sub-module introduces the concept of health promotion and education in relation to family health seeking behaviours. This course will be delivered in the form of weekly lectures and tutorials. Tutorial videos may be viewed at:







Note: All students need to visit the website for WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and other health organizations to get more information globally.




  1. Helen M.Wallace and G.I.Ebrahim (eds) (2001) Maternal and child health around the world. London. Macmillan.

  2. Indra Pathmannathan et al. (2003) Investing in maternal health: learning from Malaysia and Sri Lanka. Washington D.C: The world bank.

  3. Margaret,B.Arbuckle and Charlotte,A.Herrick (2006) Child and Adolescent Mental Health: interdisciplinary system of care. Sudbury Mass:Jones and Bartlett publisher.

  4. Bonnie Brandl et al. (2007) Elderly Abuse detection and intervention: a collaborative approach. New York: Springer.

  5. Long term care for older people (2005) Paris:OECD

  6. Doling,J., Jones, F.C.Maltby,T. (2005) Ageing matters: European Policy Lessons from the East. Aldershot, Hants, England, Burlington, VT:Ashgate.

  7. Quinn,W.H. (2004) Family solutions for youth at risk: applications to juvenile delinquency, truancy and behaviour problems. New York: Brunner Routledge.

  8. Sloan,E. (2002) Biology of women. Albany, New york: Delmar Thompson Learning.

  9. Condon,M.C. (2004) Women’sHealth: body, mind,spirit:an integrated approach to wellness and illness. Upper sadle river N.J.: Prentice Hall.

  10. Lips,H.M (2006) Anew psychology of women: gender, culture and ethnicity,Boston:Mc Graw Hill.




    The course mainly focuses on the method of conducting medical research. Throughout the course the students will be guided by the lecturers to prepare research proposal, which will be presented at the end of the course. The main topics in research methodology including hypothesis generation, searching for   information, research design, proposal writing and plan of analysis will be discussed. At the end of the module, students will submit a complete proposal for their study.




    Polgar Colton, T. 2000. Statistics in Medicine. Little Brown and Co. Boston. 4th Ed.


    Dawson,B. & Trapp, R.G. 2001. Basic and Clinical Biostatistics. 3rd Edition Prentice-Hall International Inc.


    Geoffrey, R. &David, L. S.2000. Biostatistics: The Bare Essentials,Second Edition


    Geoffrey, R. M., David, D.&David, F. 2005. Essentials of Research Design and Methodology.Essentials of Behavioral Science. Prentice Hall Inc.


    John, W. C.2002. Research Design Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches (2nd Edition) , Sage Publications









































This is an advance of the Basic Statistics Medicine course. It covers a non-parameter test; duo-direction Anova; double regression; discriminator analysis; logistics regression and covariance analysis. This course comprises 2-hour lectures and a single session of 2-hour practical each week.



Beth, D., Robert G. T. &Robert, T. 2004. Basic & Clinical Biostatistics . Lange Medical Books / Mc Graw – Hill.Medical Publishing Division.


Colton, T. 2000. Statistics in Medicine. Little Brown and Co. Boston. 4th Ed.


David, G. 2005. Introduction to the Practice of Statistics. 4th Edition Prentice-Hall International Inc.


Dawson,B. & Trapp, R.G. 2001. Basic and Clinical Biostatistics. 3rd Edition Prentice-Hall International Inc.

Geoffrey, R. &David, L. S.2000. Biostatistics: The Bare Essentials,Second Edition





This course emphasises on the aspect of preventing tropical diseases and management of the prevention programme. Attention will be given to diseases that are of public health importance in Malaysia such as malnutrition, malaria, filariasis, tuberculosis and leprosy.   It covers human growth, community nutrition status assessment, distribution of malnutrition and factors associate with it. Epidemiology of the tropical diseases, which includes distribution, factors associate with the distribution and methods of prevention will also be discussed. Regime of treatment and prevention will be explained in depth from various disciplines. Centres of diseases treatment will become the model to make comparison with other places. This course will be conducted for 2 hours lecture and 2 hours field work every week.




Lashley, F.R. dan Durham, J.D. 2007. Emerging Infectious Diseases: Trends and Issues.Springer Publishing Company.


Kwan-Gett, T. S. et al. 2005. Infectious and Tropical Diseases: A Handbook for Primary Care. Mosby.


Fernando, R.J et al. 2001.Tropical Infectious Diseases: Epidemiology, Investigation, Diagnosis and Management. Greenwich Medical Media.


Cook, G.C. et al. 2003. Manson's tropicaldiseases. 21st ed. London: Saunders


Chin, J. 2000. Control of Communicable Diseases Manual. American Public Health Association.


Gregg, M.B. 2002. Field Epidemiology. 2nd ed. Oxford University Press.




This course is about the epidemiology of non-infectious diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, chronic respiratory diseases and others. Candidates are required to produce a project and presentation on analytical study and relationship between diseases and the factors which contribute to the disease. This course will be conducted for 1 hour of lecture and 2 hours of field work every week.


References :


Howe, G. M. 1990. A World Geography of Human Diseases. New York: Academic Press.


Cassens B.J. 1992. Preventive Medicine and Public Health. Baltimore: Harwal Publishing.


Brownson, R., Remington, P. & Davis, J. 1993. Chronic disease epidemiology and control. American Public Health Association.





This course will focus on application of epidemiology and statistics in clinical work. These will include basic clinical epidemiology, screening test, utility of analytical study and experiment in determining prognosis of diseases and others. Candidate will be required to criticise two articles from journal and present on of them. This course will be conducted for 2 hours lecture and 2 hours of practical weekly.



References :


Sacket D.L., Haynes R.B., Tugwell P. 1985. Clinical Epidemiology. Boston: Little Brown and Company.


Weiss N.S. 1986. Clinical Epidemiology : The Study of the Outcome of Illness. Oxford University Press.


Fletcher R.H. & Fletcher S.W., Wagner E.H. 1987. Clinical Epidemiology – The Essential. Baltimore : Waverly Press Inc.





This course is aimed to deepen the knowledge and skill in determining, assessing and solving clinical problem regarding diseases which are spread by vector commonly found in Malaysia, such as malaria, filariasis, dengue fever, japanese encephalitis and others. Contents of the course include understanding these vectorborne diseases and methods to control it. This course will be conducted for 1 hour of lecture plus laboratory and fieldwork session weekly.




References :


WHO, Western Pacific Region 2004. The use of malaria rapid diagnostic tests.


Kin, F. et al. 2001. Workshop proceedings on behavioural interventions dengue control in Malaysia. Pulau Pinang : Universiti Sains Malaysia


Parks, W. 2005. Planning social mobilization and communication for dengue fever prevention and control : a step-by-step guide. Geneva : World Health Organization


Mackenzie, J.S et al. 2002. Japanese Encephalitis and West Nile Viruses. 1st ed. Springer.


Eldridge, B.F dan Edman, J.D. 2003. Medicalentomology : a textbook on public health and veterinary problems caused by arthropods. Dordrecht : Kluwer Academic Publishers





This course begins with a description of the distribution and magnitude of the cancer problem, which is followed by a detailed discussion on theories of cancer etiology, including radiation, tobacco, alcohol, drugs, occupation, diet, and other factors. The course also covers the major cancer sites in terms of distribution of disease and risk factors. Methodology and study designs used in cancer research are discussed throughout the course. 




Adami, H et al. 2008. Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology. Oxford University Press, USA.


Anderson, G dan Simonton, O.C. 1999. Cancer: 50 Essential Things to Do: Revised and Updated Edition.Plume; Rev Upd Su edition


Higginson, J et al. 2005. Human Cancer: Epidemiology and Environmental Causes (Cambridge Monographs on Cancer Research).Cambridge University Press.


Schottenfeld, D. dan Fraumeni, J.F. 2006. Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention. Oxford University Press, USA


Silva, S.I. 1999. Cancer Epidemiology. WHO





This special course can be taken as 1 or 2 unit. Students interested in this course must discuss with their supervisor on the topic or issue of their interest for the directed learning. They must agree to the outcome expected at the end of the course as this will determine the grade. There is no end semester exam for this course.


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