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أبحاث ومشاريع الطلاب 2013-2014م

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 كلية الطب والعلوم الصحيةأبحاث تخرج الطلبة للعام الجامعي 2013-2014م   

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Knowledge, Attitude ,and Practice of Secondary School Students about

Schistosomaisis in Al-Ahjor Area, Al Mahweet Governorate, Yemen in 2014

Supervisor:

Dr. Ahmed Ali Qaid Associated professor of community Medicine

Research Team:

Ruqia Alsumeli, Naseem ALAhrami , Amani ALbrhani, Amal Hikmat, Asma Mahmoud,

Belqees Ahmed, Lama Hikmat, Manar Bahumeid, Muna Haj ,Hafsa AbduALqader

Abstract:

Background:

Schistosomiasis is one of the most prevalent neglected tropical diseases. It is a life-threatening public health problem

in Yemen especially in rural communities.

Objective:

To determine the knowledge, attitude, and practice of Schistosomiasis among secondary school students in Alahjor

area, Al Mahweet governorate, Yemen 2014.

Methods:

A descriptive cross-sectional approach has been chosen for the study sample which is 260 secondary school students

from January to May 2014 in four male secondary schools) and four female secondary schools in Al-Ahjor area, Al

Mahweet governorate, Yemen, in which the data collected via questionnaire.

Result:

In our research we found that the majority of students were males (65.4%) in which their mean age was 17 years

old. The majority of parents were illiterate and most of fathers were farmers while mothers were housewife. The main

source of drinking water was river . The most of students knew the cause , symptoms and mode of transmission of

schistosomiasis. The majority of students reported that the importance of wearing shoesas mode of protection from

the disease, and the other group of them were playing and bathing in pools or waterfall. ( 43.6%) of the students

reported that the importance of using the bathroom is to reduce disease distribution and who can treat the disease is

a doctor in hospitals or health centers.

based on our finding comparison between male and female about KAP study difference between them in some

variables..

conclusion:

This study reveals that, all the students in Al-ahjor area were Yemeni, the majority of them were males.

In general the knowledge, Attitude & practice of secondary school students in alahjor area regarding males & females

were good & approximately equal.

USES OF DEXA TO ESTIMATE OSTEOPOROSIS AMONG PATIENTS IN

UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY HOSPITALSANA’A- YEMEN.

Supervisors:

Dr. Hameed M. Aklan Associated Professor of Radiology, President of UST,

Dr. Abdullah A. Almikhlafy Assistant Professor of Community Medicine, Dean of Faculty of Medicine &

Health Science ,UST

Research Team:Azhar Albanna, Doa’a Rabee, Raiyan Adam, Mawada El-aghil, Randa Alhobishe

Abstract:

Background: Osteoporosis is a neglected problem in Sana’a Yemen and is thought to increase in prevalence. In

this study we assessed the magnitude of osteoporosis in Sana’a-Yemen.

Objective: To assess the magnitude of osteoporosis and the prevalence of osteoporosis of both genders and

different age groups in addition to BMD measured by DEXA.

Methodology: A cross sectional study was applied among all cases of radiological department in University of

Science and Technology Hospital, within 2006- 2014 in Sana›a- Yemen. We reviewed all the files of DEXA reports in

the Hospital›s Radiology Department in UST hospital archives.

Results: all the taken reports were 1105 and 10 cases were excluded.The BMD measured by T-score was

measured by DEXA in the left hip showing the following results: The prevalence of osteoporosis in males had a

percentage of 61.9% in comparison with the prevalence of osteoporosis in females with a percentage of 53.1%.

In addition T-score in normal individuals the prevalence was 45.7%, mild osteoporotic individuals prevalence

was 40.4%, moderate osteoporotic individuals prevalence showed 14.0% and severe osteoporotic individuals

with fractions prevalence was 0%. BMD measured by the T-score using DEXA in the lumbar spine showed the

following: The prevalence of osteoporosis in males had a percentage of 80.4% in comparison with the prevalence

of osteoporosis in females with a percentage of 79.4% normal T-scores individuals the prevalence was 20.5%,

mild osteoporotic individuals prevalence was 36.2%, moderate osteoporotic individuals prevalence was 43.5% and

severe osteoporotic individuals with fractures prevalence was 0%. The percentage of agreements of osteoporosis

showed in the lumbar spine and left hip was 44% in which they showed the same T-scores while 56% of the total

cases showed different T-scores.

Conclusion: Osteoporosis is indeed an uprising neglected problem in Sana’a Yemen that lacks awareness, its

prevalence is surprising higher in males in patients <25 years old in the left hip in comparison to the lumbar spine

which is prevalent in 2534-year old

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Retinopathy in Diabetic Patients at Al-Magrabi

Hospital Sana’a 2013 - 2014

Supervisor:

Dr. Ahmed Ali Qaid, Associated _ professor of community Medicine

Research team: Ahlam Germish, Asma’a Alhada, Fedda Quftan, Jawhara Basher, Nuha Aladofi, Zahra’a

Hashim Ala’a Alasad Esra’a Jaradat Hanan Al-Hakem, Maymona Abu Hilaleh, Rufaida Abdarazaq

Abstract

Background:

Diabetes mellitus is a condition in which there is a chronically raised blood glucose concentration due to absolute

or relative deficiency of insulin. i.e. insulin is not being produced from the pancreas or there is insufficient insulin for

the body’s need

Diabetic retinopathy can result in ocular complications leading to poor vision in the working age group. It is one of

the leading causes of blindness in the 2074-years age group.

Our study aim:

To identify the risk factors associated with diabetic retinopathy among diabetic patients at Al-Magrabi Hospital at

Sana’a city.

Method:

Our study was descriptive cross-sectional study at Al-Magrabi Hospital in Sana’a city at period from December 2013

to June 2014 (were included in the study).

Results:

146 patients include in this study, The prevalence of diabetic retinopathy was 67.6 % On data analysis it was shown

that the mean age of patients with diabetic retinopathy was 53 years and the mean duration of diabetic mellitus was

11 years SD+7.4 .46.3% from participant were on regular treatment. 71% of patients with low sugar diet, 38,4%

of patients of our participant practicing sport either always or sometime. 17% of our participant were smoker with

average duration 20 years.

46,6% of our participant were hypertension with average duration 4 years SD± 4.8.

Conclusion:

Our study proved that there is a association between the risk factors and the development of diabetic retinopathy

.11 reveals that the long duration of diabetics mellitus is one of the main risk factor of diabetic retinopathy. Mostly

hypertension.poor control glycimic and irregular use of medications are important risk factors for progression of

diabetic retinopathy. Hypercholesterolemia play role in the risk of diabetic retinopathy.

Keywords: diabetes mellitus, diabetic retinopathy, Yemen. risk factors.

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Abnormal Cervical Cytology Among Fertile

Women In Sana’a, Yemen,(2012 -2013)

Supervisors:

Dr. Abdullah A. Almikhlafy Assistant professor of community Medicine, Dean of

Faculty of Medicine & Health Science, UST

Dr. Maha Abdul-Aziz Abdul Bari ,Assistant Professor of Gyne& Obs. UST

Research TEAM:

Areen AL-Ali , Saida Al-Chadily, Hafsa Muhammad, Rahima Musa, Maha AlKebsi, Nabila Abubakar

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:

Cervical cancer is reportedly as the 9th cancer of female in Yemen, and the 10th most common female cancer

in women age between 15 to 44 years in Yemen. From University of Science and Technology Hospital in years

2012 - 2013.

METHODS:

This study is Retrospective Descriptive study. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors of

abnormal cervical cytology among fertile women obtained from all records of female came to the University of

Science and Technology Hospital in years 2012 - 2013.

RESULTS:

Data were collected from 300 records of patients. the prevalence of cervical cytological abnormalities were

according to epithelial cell abnormality, No squamous intraepithelial lesions or malignancy( normal result) were

found in 219 (73%). Atrophic vaginitis was found in 36 (12% ). Inadequate result was found in 34 ( 11.3%).

Features of malignancy were found in 4 (1.3%). Inflammatory cell changes were found in 6 (2%) And Cervicitis

in 1 (0.3%).

CONCLUSION:

The abnormal cervical cytological prevalence rate in Yemen is low. This might be due to sociocultural

differences, lack of hospital-based screening programs. This results are useful for planning future cervical

cancer control programs.

Epidemiological characteristics of human hydatid disease in the major

hospitals, Sanna, Yemen

Supervisor:

Dr. Majed Wadi Assistant Dean for Academic Affairs

Research team:Shareef Abed ,Moaweh Al-dgheim, Ahmad Ayyad, Moawiah Abdalrahman, Drar

Bany, Mohammad Horani, Qutiaba Rahmoon Ali Albaw, Jaber Alkhalialeh, Khaled Bani Hani ,Tareq

wrakat

Abstract

Background:

Echinococcosis is a zoonotic disease caused by infection with the larval stage of tapeworm

Echinococcusgranulosus. The dogs are the definitive hosts while the sheep are the intermediate host, so the

global distribution of the diseases are increased in sheep rising areas (rural areas). It is a chronic disease of

major public health importance and considered endemic in Yemen.

Objective:

This study aims to describe the epidemiological characteristics of human hydatid disease cases in the major

hospitals in Sana’a, Yemen (University of Science and Technology “UST’, Alkuwait, Aljoumhori and Althawra

hospitals).

Methodology:

A cross-sectional study was applied in this research. A modified check list was used to collect data from the

diagnosed cases of hydatid disease in the major hospitals’ archives for the years of 20122013-.

Results:

Out of 76 files of diagnosed hydatid disease, 65.8% of cases were females while 34.2% were males. The

highest age group was less than 30 years that represented 48.7%.The most affected organ was the liver

72.4%, followed by lung 23.7%. Cysts were single in 73.7% of cases and multiple in 26.3% of cases. All of the

cases were treated surgically and reported no recurrence or ICU admission.

Conclusion

Hydatid disease has major impact on the public. The results of this study are quite similar to other studies

worldwide. A call for good preventive methods, including effective health education, should be taken to

eradicate such disease.

Proportion of Malarial Complications in Major Hospitals in Sana’a City in

Yemen 2013 - 2014

Supervisor:

Dr. Mahdi Al-Qarwani Assistant Dean for Clinical Training & Hospitals’ Affairs

Research Team:

Wa’al Rozi, Omar Bajaber, Abdullah Al-Mansari,

Abdul-Aziz Salem, Ibrahim Mohammed Qassim, Abdul-Rahman Al- Ahmadi ,Hammed Al-Awadhi

Abstract

Background

Malaria is parasitic protozoan’s disease transmitted by a bite of an infected female Anopheles and has serious

complication Unfortunately in Yemen there are insufficient studies that discuses complications of malaria .

Aim

To estimate proportion of complications among malarial patients in Al-Jamhori and Al-Thawrah hospital in

Sana’a city from 2011 to 2014 .

Method

The study was cross sectional study. The data collected by reviewing all the files and reports of the patients

who were admitted to Al-Jamhori and Al-Thawrah hospitals for the period from 2011 to 2014 .

Results

Our study shows that out of 111 malarial cases have been collected 52 cases (46.8 %) were of young age

group with male predominance by 75 cases (67.6%). Complications of malaria occur in 62.2% with male

predominance by 38.7% comparing to 23.4% of female gender out of all those complication s cerebral malaria

was the most common one represented by 34.2% followed by acute renal failure 21.8% then severe anemia

17.1% .

Conclusions

In this cross sectional study in Al-Jomhori teaching hospital and Al-Thwra hospital during 2011 to 2014, the

proportion of malarial complications were 62.2%. With predominance of cerebral malaria by 34.2%.

Proportion and Risk Factors of Bone Fractures Due to Road Traffic

Accidents Among Patients Registered in Emergency Department at

University of Science & Technology Hospital in Sana’a Yemen, 2013.

Supervisor: Dr. Essam Hamdi Al-Safadi Asso professor of community Medicine, UST

Research team: Abdulla Abo Dheef, Abdurrahman Bin Ghanim, Fras Fahad, Hussein

Bosaleh ,Hussein Mohammed, Mohammed Al-Arini, Omar AL-Barzan, Raid Abunaser,

Abstract

Background:

The Road Traffic Accidents is defined as any vehicles accident occurring on a public road or highway and

includes vehicle accidents where the place of occurrence is unspecified Many people who are injured

in car accidents suffer broken bones and fractures. Often, a broken bone sustained in an auto accident

can be more serious than in a fall or sports accident. This is because forces acting upon a person in

a car accident can be extreme. People who suffer fractures in car accidents often require surgery and

when there are multiple fractures, which is often the case; the victim may require reconstructive surgery

involving hardware to secure the bones .

Objectives:

To estimate the proportion of bone fractures caused by road traffic accidents in emergency department

at University of Science &Technology Hospital in Sana’a, Yemen, for the year 2013.

Methods:

We have collected data ofallRoad Traffic Accidents cases ofregistered in emergency department at

University of Science & Technology Hospital in Sana’a Yemen.

Results:

A  mass  sampling  method  was  used  to  collect  data  from  files  of  patients.  A  self-  administeredquestionnaire-based study and data was collected from 336 files refined in 212 with bone fractures and

124 with no bone fractures that were excluded from the study and we have found that the proportion of

bone fractures caused by RTA are more than half with a percentage of 63.10% while 36.90% represents

accidents with no fractures.

Conclusions:

There is a high proportion of bone fracture in road traffic accidents and there was strong relation between

risk factors and road traffic accidents percentage.

The prevalence of diarrheal disease among children less than five years of age

admitted to university of science and technology hospital, Sana’a from (2010 - 2013)

Supervisor: Dr. Essam Hamdi Al-Safadi Asso professor of community Medicine, UST

Research team: Badr Sroor, Amr Alamoudi, Younes Khader, Akram Alshrafi, Ahmed Hadi, Nsswe Nasser

Abstract

Background:

Diarrheal disease among children younger than 5 years old remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide.

In developing countries, diarrhea is the second leading cause of childhood morbidity and mortality. Unfortunately in

Yemen there are insufficient studies about the prevalence of diarrhea especially among admitted cases in USTH

Aim:

To estimate the prevalence and to identify the most common risk factors of diarrheal disease among children less

than five years of age admitted to university of science and technology hospital, Sana’a from (20102013-).

Method:

The study was cross-sectional descriptive study. The data collected by reviewing all the files of the patients who

were admitted to University of Science and Technology Hospital from 2010 to 2013

Results:

A total of 3745 children were admitted to USTH from January 2010 to December 2013; of these 49 children admitted

with diarrheal disease and the prevalence rate was 1.3%. The majority of children were males 32 (66%) and below

24 months of age (85.5%). Among 49 patients who were enrolled into the study 9 with bacterial causative and most

of them (91.8%) without previous history of disease. Prevalenceof diarrheal disease was significantly higher in

winter months (91.5%) and from Aljeraff area (28.5%).

Conclusions:

The results of the study show decrease the prevalence rate which was 1.3%. These rates were highest in the age

group of 124-months and were lowest among children aged > 24 months. Prevalence of diarrheal disease significantly

higher across male sex. Prevalence of diarrheal disease was significantly higher in winter months.

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