كلية الطب والعلوم الصحيةأبحاث تخرج الطلبة للعام الجامعي 2013-2014م
كتيب المؤتمر العلمي الثاني
Knowledge, Attitude ,and Practice of Secondary School Students about
Schistosomaisis in Al-Ahjor Area, Al Mahweet Governorate, Yemen in 2014
Dr. Ahmed Ali Qaid Associated professor of community Medicine
Ruqia Alsumeli, Naseem ALAhrami , Amani ALbrhani, Amal Hikmat, Asma Mahmoud,
Belqees Ahmed, Lama Hikmat, Manar Bahumeid, Muna Haj ,Hafsa AbduALqader
Schistosomiasis is one of the most prevalent neglected tropical diseases. It is a life-threatening public health problem
in Yemen especially in rural communities.
To determine the knowledge, attitude, and practice of Schistosomiasis among secondary school students in Alahjor
area, Al Mahweet governorate, Yemen 2014.
A descriptive cross-sectional approach has been chosen for the study sample which is 260 secondary school students
from January to May 2014 in four male secondary schools) and four female secondary schools in Al-Ahjor area, Al
Mahweet governorate, Yemen, in which the data collected via questionnaire.
In our research we found that the majority of students were males (65.4%) in which their mean age was 17 years
old. The majority of parents were illiterate and most of fathers were farmers while mothers were housewife. The main
source of drinking water was river . The most of students knew the cause , symptoms and mode of transmission of
schistosomiasis. The majority of students reported that the importance of wearing shoesas mode of protection from
the disease, and the other group of them were playing and bathing in pools or waterfall. ( 43.6%) of the students
reported that the importance of using the bathroom is to reduce disease distribution and who can treat the disease is
a doctor in hospitals or health centers.
based on our finding comparison between male and female about KAP study difference between them in some
This study reveals that, all the students in Al-ahjor area were Yemeni, the majority of them were males.
In general the knowledge, Attitude & practice of secondary school students in alahjor area regarding males & females
were good & approximately equal.
USES OF DEXA TO ESTIMATE OSTEOPOROSIS AMONG PATIENTS IN
UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY HOSPITALSANA’A- YEMEN.
Dr. Hameed M. Aklan Associated Professor of Radiology, President of UST,
Dr. Abdullah A. Almikhlafy Assistant Professor of Community Medicine, Dean of Faculty of Medicine &
Health Science ,UST
Research Team:Azhar Albanna, Doa’a Rabee, Raiyan Adam, Mawada El-aghil, Randa Alhobishe
Background: Osteoporosis is a neglected problem in Sana’a Yemen and is thought to increase in prevalence. In
this study we assessed the magnitude of osteoporosis in Sana’a-Yemen.
Objective: To assess the magnitude of osteoporosis and the prevalence of osteoporosis of both genders and
different age groups in addition to BMD measured by DEXA.
Methodology: A cross sectional study was applied among all cases of radiological department in University of
Science and Technology Hospital, within 2006- 2014 in Sana›a- Yemen. We reviewed all the files of DEXA reports in
the Hospital›s Radiology Department in UST hospital archives.
Results: all the taken reports were 1105 and 10 cases were excluded.The BMD measured by T-score was
measured by DEXA in the left hip showing the following results: The prevalence of osteoporosis in males had a
percentage of 61.9% in comparison with the prevalence of osteoporosis in females with a percentage of 53.1%.
In addition T-score in normal individuals the prevalence was 45.7%, mild osteoporotic individuals prevalence
was 40.4%, moderate osteoporotic individuals prevalence showed 14.0% and severe osteoporotic individuals
with fractions prevalence was 0%. BMD measured by the T-score using DEXA in the lumbar spine showed the
following: The prevalence of osteoporosis in males had a percentage of 80.4% in comparison with the prevalence
of osteoporosis in females with a percentage of 79.4% normal T-scores individuals the prevalence was 20.5%,
mild osteoporotic individuals prevalence was 36.2%, moderate osteoporotic individuals prevalence was 43.5% and
severe osteoporotic individuals with fractures prevalence was 0%. The percentage of agreements of osteoporosis
showed in the lumbar spine and left hip was 44% in which they showed the same T-scores while 56% of the total
cases showed different T-scores.
Conclusion: Osteoporosis is indeed an uprising neglected problem in Sana’a Yemen that lacks awareness, its
prevalence is surprising higher in males in patients <25 years old in the left hip in comparison to the lumbar spine
which is prevalent in 2534-year old
Prevalence and Risk Factors of Retinopathy in Diabetic Patients at Al-Magrabi
Hospital Sana’a 2013 - 2014
Dr. Ahmed Ali Qaid, Associated _ professor of community Medicine
Research team: Ahlam Germish, Asma’a Alhada, Fedda Quftan, Jawhara Basher, Nuha Aladofi, Zahra’a
Hashim Ala’a Alasad Esra’a Jaradat Hanan Al-Hakem, Maymona Abu Hilaleh, Rufaida Abdarazaq
Diabetes mellitus is a condition in which there is a chronically raised blood glucose concentration due to absolute
or relative deficiency of insulin. i.e. insulin is not being produced from the pancreas or there is insufficient insulin for
the body’s need
Diabetic retinopathy can result in ocular complications leading to poor vision in the working age group. It is one of
the leading causes of blindness in the 2074-years age group.
Our study aim:
To identify the risk factors associated with diabetic retinopathy among diabetic patients at Al-Magrabi Hospital at
Our study was descriptive cross-sectional study at Al-Magrabi Hospital in Sana’a city at period from December 2013
to June 2014 (were included in the study).
146 patients include in this study, The prevalence of diabetic retinopathy was 67.6 % On data analysis it was shown
that the mean age of patients with diabetic retinopathy was 53 years and the mean duration of diabetic mellitus was
11 years SD+7.4 .46.3% from participant were on regular treatment. 71% of patients with low sugar diet, 38,4%
of patients of our participant practicing sport either always or sometime. 17% of our participant were smoker with
average duration 20 years.
46,6% of our participant were hypertension with average duration 4 years SD± 4.8.
Our study proved that there is a association between the risk factors and the development of diabetic retinopathy
.11 reveals that the long duration of diabetics mellitus is one of the main risk factor of diabetic retinopathy. Mostly
hypertension.poor control glycimic and irregular use of medications are important risk factors for progression of
diabetic retinopathy. Hypercholesterolemia play role in the risk of diabetic retinopathy.
Keywords: diabetes mellitus, diabetic retinopathy, Yemen. risk factors.
Prevalence and Risk Factors of Abnormal Cervical Cytology Among Fertile
Women In Sana’a, Yemen,(2012 -2013)
Dr. Abdullah A. Almikhlafy Assistant professor of community Medicine, Dean of
Faculty of Medicine & Health Science, UST
Dr. Maha Abdul-Aziz Abdul Bari ,Assistant Professor of Gyne& Obs. UST
Areen AL-Ali , Saida Al-Chadily, Hafsa Muhammad, Rahima Musa, Maha AlKebsi, Nabila Abubakar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:
Cervical cancer is reportedly as the 9th cancer of female in Yemen, and the 10th most common female cancer
in women age between 15 to 44 years in Yemen. From University of Science and Technology Hospital in years
2012 - 2013.
This study is Retrospective Descriptive study. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors of
abnormal cervical cytology among fertile women obtained from all records of female came to the University of
Science and Technology Hospital in years 2012 - 2013.
Data were collected from 300 records of patients. the prevalence of cervical cytological abnormalities were
according to epithelial cell abnormality, No squamous intraepithelial lesions or malignancy( normal result) were
found in 219 (73%). Atrophic vaginitis was found in 36 (12% ). Inadequate result was found in 34 ( 11.3%).
Features of malignancy were found in 4 (1.3%). Inflammatory cell changes were found in 6 (2%) And Cervicitis
in 1 (0.3%).
The abnormal cervical cytological prevalence rate in Yemen is low. This might be due to sociocultural
differences, lack of hospital-based screening programs. This results are useful for planning future cervical
cancer control programs.
Epidemiological characteristics of human hydatid disease in the major
hospitals, Sanna, Yemen
Dr. Majed Wadi Assistant Dean for Academic Affairs
Research team:Shareef Abed ,Moaweh Al-dgheim, Ahmad Ayyad, Moawiah Abdalrahman, Drar
Bany, Mohammad Horani, Qutiaba Rahmoon Ali Albaw, Jaber Alkhalialeh, Khaled Bani Hani ,Tareq
Echinococcosis is a zoonotic disease caused by infection with the larval stage of tapeworm
Echinococcusgranulosus. The dogs are the definitive hosts while the sheep are the intermediate host, so the
global distribution of the diseases are increased in sheep rising areas (rural areas). It is a chronic disease of
major public health importance and considered endemic in Yemen.
This study aims to describe the epidemiological characteristics of human hydatid disease cases in the major
hospitals in Sana’a, Yemen (University of Science and Technology “UST’, Alkuwait, Aljoumhori and Althawra
A cross-sectional study was applied in this research. A modified check list was used to collect data from the
diagnosed cases of hydatid disease in the major hospitals’ archives for the years of 20122013-.
Out of 76 files of diagnosed hydatid disease, 65.8% of cases were females while 34.2% were males. The
highest age group was less than 30 years that represented 48.7%.The most affected organ was the liver
72.4%, followed by lung 23.7%. Cysts were single in 73.7% of cases and multiple in 26.3% of cases. All of the
cases were treated surgically and reported no recurrence or ICU admission.
Hydatid disease has major impact on the public. The results of this study are quite similar to other studies
worldwide. A call for good preventive methods, including effective health education, should be taken to
eradicate such disease.
Proportion of Malarial Complications in Major Hospitals in Sana’a City in
Yemen 2013 - 2014
Dr. Mahdi Al-Qarwani Assistant Dean for Clinical Training & Hospitals’ Affairs
Wa’al Rozi, Omar Bajaber, Abdullah Al-Mansari,
Abdul-Aziz Salem, Ibrahim Mohammed Qassim, Abdul-Rahman Al- Ahmadi ,Hammed Al-Awadhi
Malaria is parasitic protozoan’s disease transmitted by a bite of an infected female Anopheles and has serious
complication Unfortunately in Yemen there are insufficient studies that discuses complications of malaria .
To estimate proportion of complications among malarial patients in Al-Jamhori and Al-Thawrah hospital in
Sana’a city from 2011 to 2014 .
The study was cross sectional study. The data collected by reviewing all the files and reports of the patients
who were admitted to Al-Jamhori and Al-Thawrah hospitals for the period from 2011 to 2014 .
Our study shows that out of 111 malarial cases have been collected 52 cases (46.8 %) were of young age
group with male predominance by 75 cases (67.6%). Complications of malaria occur in 62.2% with male
predominance by 38.7% comparing to 23.4% of female gender out of all those complication s cerebral malaria
was the most common one represented by 34.2% followed by acute renal failure 21.8% then severe anemia
In this cross sectional study in Al-Jomhori teaching hospital and Al-Thwra hospital during 2011 to 2014, the
proportion of malarial complications were 62.2%. With predominance of cerebral malaria by 34.2%.
Proportion and Risk Factors of Bone Fractures Due to Road Traffic
Accidents Among Patients Registered in Emergency Department at
University of Science & Technology Hospital in Sana’a Yemen, 2013.
Supervisor: Dr. Essam Hamdi Al-Safadi Asso professor of community Medicine, UST
Research team: Abdulla Abo Dheef, Abdurrahman Bin Ghanim, Fras Fahad, Hussein
Bosaleh ,Hussein Mohammed, Mohammed Al-Arini, Omar AL-Barzan, Raid Abunaser,
The Road Traffic Accidents is defined as any vehicles accident occurring on a public road or highway and
includes vehicle accidents where the place of occurrence is unspecified Many people who are injured
in car accidents suffer broken bones and fractures. Often, a broken bone sustained in an auto accident
can be more serious than in a fall or sports accident. This is because forces acting upon a person in
a car accident can be extreme. People who suffer fractures in car accidents often require surgery and
when there are multiple fractures, which is often the case; the victim may require reconstructive surgery
involving hardware to secure the bones .
To estimate the proportion of bone fractures caused by road traffic accidents in emergency department
at University of Science &Technology Hospital in Sana’a, Yemen, for the year 2013.
We have collected data ofallRoad Traffic Accidents cases ofregistered in emergency department at
University of Science & Technology Hospital in Sana’a Yemen.
A mass sampling method was used to collect data from files of patients. A self- administeredquestionnaire-based study and data was collected from 336 files refined in 212 with bone fractures and
124 with no bone fractures that were excluded from the study and we have found that the proportion of
bone fractures caused by RTA are more than half with a percentage of 63.10% while 36.90% represents
accidents with no fractures.
There is a high proportion of bone fracture in road traffic accidents and there was strong relation between
risk factors and road traffic accidents percentage.
The prevalence of diarrheal disease among children less than five years of age
admitted to university of science and technology hospital, Sana’a from (2010 - 2013)
Supervisor: Dr. Essam Hamdi Al-Safadi Asso professor of community Medicine, UST
Research team: Badr Sroor, Amr Alamoudi, Younes Khader, Akram Alshrafi, Ahmed Hadi, Nsswe Nasser
Diarrheal disease among children younger than 5 years old remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide.
In developing countries, diarrhea is the second leading cause of childhood morbidity and mortality. Unfortunately in
Yemen there are insufficient studies about the prevalence of diarrhea especially among admitted cases in USTH
To estimate the prevalence and to identify the most common risk factors of diarrheal disease among children less
than five years of age admitted to university of science and technology hospital, Sana’a from (20102013-).
The study was cross-sectional descriptive study. The data collected by reviewing all the files of the patients who
were admitted to University of Science and Technology Hospital from 2010 to 2013
A total of 3745 children were admitted to USTH from January 2010 to December 2013; of these 49 children admitted
with diarrheal disease and the prevalence rate was 1.3%. The majority of children were males 32 (66%) and below
24 months of age (85.5%). Among 49 patients who were enrolled into the study 9 with bacterial causative and most
of them (91.8%) without previous history of disease. Prevalenceof diarrheal disease was significantly higher in
winter months (91.5%) and from Aljeraff area (28.5%).
The results of the study show decrease the prevalence rate which was 1.3%. These rates were highest in the age
group of 124-months and were lowest among children aged > 24 months. Prevalence of diarrheal disease significantly
higher across male sex. Prevalence of diarrheal disease was significantly higher in winter months.